Association of vision impairment and blindness with socioeconomic status in adults 50 years and older from Alto Amazonas, Peru

John M. Nesemann, Noelia Morocho-Alburqueque, Alvaro Quincho-Lopez, Marleny Muñoz, Sandra Liliana-Talero, Emma M. Harding-Esch, Martha Idalí Saboyá-Díaz, Harvy A. Honorio-Morales, Salomón Durand, Cristiam A. Carey-Angeles, Jeffrey D. Klausner, Andres G. Lescano, Jeremy D. Keenan

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Objective: To determine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and visual impairment (VI) or blindness in the rural Peruvian Amazon, hypothesizing that higher SES would have a protective effect on the odds of VI or blindness. Methods: In this cross-sectional study of 16 rural communities in the Peruvian Amazon, consenting adults aged ≥ 50 years were recruited from ~30 randomly selected households per village. Each household was administered a questionnaire and had a SES score constructed using principal components analysis. Blindness and VI were determined using a ministry of health 3-meter visual acuity card. Results: Overall, 207 adults aged ≥ 50 were eligible; 146 (70.5%) completed visual acuity screening and answered the questionnaire. Of those 146 participants who completed presenting visual acuity screening, 57 (39.0%, 95% CI 30.2–47.1) were classified as visually impaired and 6 (4.1%, 95% CI 0.9–7.3) as blind. Belonging to the highest SES tercile had a protective effect on VI or blindness (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.09 to 0.91, p = 0.034), with a linear trend across decreasing levels of SES (p = 0.019). This observed effect remained significant regardless of how SES groups were assigned. Conclusion: Belonging to a higher SES group resulted in a lower odds of VI or blindness compared to those in the lowest SES group. The observation of a dose response provides confidence in the observed association, but causality remains unclear. Blindness prevention programs could maximize impact by designing activities that specifically target people with lower SES.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)434-439
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónEye (Basingstoke)
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2023


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