Negative effect of camu-camu (myrciaria dubia) despite high vitamin c content on iron bioavailability, using a caco-2 cell model

Yael Nemirovsky, Nelly Zavaleta, Maria E. Villanueva, Seth M. Armah, Sixto A. Iman, Manju B. Reddy

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)


It is well known that vitamin C is an important enhancer of nonheme iron bioavailability due to its high reducing capacity. Camu-camu, a fruit that grows in the jungle of Peru, contains high amount of vitamin C (2,780 mg per 100 g). In this study, we investigated the effect of camu-camu on nonheme iron bioavailability from two different meals (rice with lentils and wheat flour porridge) using an in vitro Caco-2 cell model. These two meals were treated with three different camu-camu juice concentrations (C0 = 0g, C1 = typical consumption, and C2 = 3X typical consumption). The results showed that camu-camu reduced rather than enhanced nonheme iron bioavailability. The inhibiting trend was significant (p<0.0001) in the wheat flour porridge (from 124 to 91 and 35 μg ferritin/μg protein, for C0, C1 and C2, respectively). With the rice with lentils, there was no significant effect of camu-camu due to the high polyphenols and phytate contents of the meal. Relative bioavailability values obtained showed significant decrease with increasing camu-camu juice concentration for both meals. As expected, the ascorbic acid added to the meals at a concentration equivalent to that present in C2, had no effect on bioavailability with rice meal but increased significantly with wheat flour meal. The findings of this study suggest that camu-camu, in the traditional way of preparation, may significantly reduce nonheme iron bioavailability because of its high polyphenol content which overrides the beneficial effect of its high ascorbic acid content.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)45-48
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónPolish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
EstadoPublicada - mar. 2014
Publicado de forma externa


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